Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal is the national poet of Pakistan. He was born on 9th November, 1877. This blog is about the life and poetry of Allama Iqbal. This Blog has the poerty of Iqbal in Urdu, Roman Urdu and English translation.

Tuesday 8 May 2012

Allama Iqbal's Idea Of Mard e Momin


The Idea of Perfect Man, Mard-e-Momin, Mard-e-Khuda, Sheikh, Kamil, Faqir, Banda-e-Haq, Qalander and Banda-e-Hur are not unfamiliar. Rumi is probably the first Muslim thinker who has presented a complete picture of Perfect Man. There are other Muslims who also put forward theories of Perfect Man. Ibn-i-Muskwaih had undoubtedly initiated the idea which found its culmination in Rumi.

M. M. Sharif writes, "the idea of the Perfect Man is an
old one in Muslim Philosophy. It had its roots in Plato’s conception of the philosopher king and Islamic idea of a prophet, but it found its highest development in the speculations of Ibn-e-Arabi, Al-Jilili and Rumi.

R. A Nicholson in the secret of self notes, ‘to the Iqbal the Perfect Man is highly developed ego the Naib (vicegerent) of God on earth is the complete ego, the goal of humanity, the acme of life both in mind and body, in him the discord of one mental life becomes a harmony, is the last trust of the tree of humanity, and all the trails of painful evolution are justified because he is to come at the end”.

The Perfect Man is developed personality and has earned complete and true freedom and immortality, true freedom belongs to him. In Jabriel’s Wing the free man is synonymous with the Perfect Man and earns immortality too. Iqbal says in Gulshan-e-Raz-e-Jadid:

The eternity is superior,
which a borrowed soul,
Wins for herself by love
The being of mountains
and deserts and cities is nothing,
The universe is mortal, the
ego immortal and nothing else matters

Dr. Nazir Qaiser Writes, ‘to Iqbal the Perfect Man has not ceased to exist, and is very much needed in the present age. In Zarb-i-Kalim says:

Today the world needs that true Mahdi,
Whose vision produces a commotion in the world of thought

To find such a man is difficult. Iqbal says in Bang-e-Dara:

Narcissus weeps for many years over its sightless;
(only then) with great difficulty a person with vision is produced.

Perfect Man is blend of Ishq and Intellect. He has not fear and no difficulty can upset him. Also death cannot frighten him because of the developed state of ego. Physical death looks pleasant to him. Iqbal says:

What is the sign of the faithful man,
When death come, he has a smile on his lips.

To Iqbal the other name of the Perfect Man is Faqir. Both hold that all the qualities of Faqr are found in him. He is not an idle mystic, he is full of action. He earns lawful livelihood. He may be poor in appearance but he is owner of countless treasure, there is no greed in him. He has a great social relevance. He is not segregated from community. He contributes in bringing about a healthy social order. He combines in his behaviour Jamal (Divine beauty) and Jalal (Divine Majesty) like a true Faqir. Iqbal sys in Bal-e-Jibril:

He who saw is the leader of the world,
You and we are imperfect, he alone is perfect.

In Zarb-e-Kalim, Iqbal says:

He is the dew drop which cools the lives of the poppy flowers,
And he is that storm which makes the hearts of river shiver.

Again says:

Vengeance and forgiveness, Piety and power,
These are four things which make up a Muslim.

The Perfect Man believes in higher religion. His message is universal and his love is for all the human beings. In Tasbihat-e-Rumi he says:

The slave of Ishq takes lesson from God,
He becomes kind equally, both with infidel and believer.

Perfect Man’s love for God is sincere. He loves God neither for the sake of gardens and Houris of Heaven not for fear of Hell. He does not love God for the traditional pictures of Heaven. Rather, the Houris complain against the indifferent behaviour. In Zarb-e-Kalim, Iqbal beautifully says:

The angels had said: the faithful is gracious,
But the Houris complain; the faithful does not mix with us.

Love for humanity was their hallmark. ‘Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jillani, Sayed Ali Hujwiri and Mujjaddid Alaf Sani are those who were well known for their love for humanity.

He attains such power that his wishes and hands become wishes and hands of God: Iqbal beautifully says in Bal-e-Jibril that:

A Perfect Man’s arm is really God’s Arm,
Dominant, creative, resourceful, efficient.


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