Kashmir valley is one of the most beautiful spots on the surface of globe, and Iqbal himself was a Kashmiri by birth. Allama Mohammad Iqbal had earned preeminence due to his thought-provoking poetry, his philosophy, his dream about the creation of a separate homeland for the Muslims of the subcontinent, the two-nation theory, stature of man, one's self hood, dignity of man, and knowledge and norms of the modern sciences. His works cannot be described in isolation.
Rather these are integrally related. Iqbal had successfully striven
to convince humans to be
perfect qua humans, and the Muslims to have an honourable position. That is why, homage is paid to Allama Iqbal in many
countries of the world, particularly in Pakistan and India, on April 21
and November 9 every year. The people of Iran have also learnt a lot
from his Persian poetry. Allama was an accomplished figure who had
commanded the knowledge of Urdu, English, Persian, Arabic and German
languages. In private meetings with his close friends, he would speak
the Punjabi language.
When the Kashmir movement started in 1931 an all India Kashmir committee was formed to extend moral and material support to the Kashmiris in British India. Dr. Iqbal was also associated with it. Even after he resigned from the committee, Iqbal continued to support the Kashmir movement. He exhorted the Indian Muslims to help their Kashmiri brethren out of their present lot so that they could play their part in th all-round progress of the Muslim nation of India.
Almighty Allah had blessed Iqbal with the best qualities. He was a
great poet, a philosopher, a professor, a lawyer and above all a
dignified Muslim in the real sense. He passed his whole life as a Muslim
who had struggled to change the fate of the Muslim Ummah and to put it
on the track of development and progress. Had Sir Syed Ahmad Khan,
Allama Iqbal and Quaid-e-Azam not born in the 19th century, Pakistan
would never have come into inception – and had Pakistan not come into
existence, the Muslims would have lost their entity in the Indian
subcontinent. Although a seizable number of Muslims opted to live in
India, Pakistan emerged as a blessing in disguise for them.
Amidst functions to mark the death anniversary of Allama Iqbal
throughout Pakistan on April 21, the Kashmir Studies Department of the
University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir has organized an innovative
function in Muzaffarabad to demonstrate its love for Iqbal for his being
a Kashmir-origin. Allama had never denied his links and relationship
with Kashmir. Irrespective of whether he lived in Lahore or Sialkot,
England or Germany, he would always hold his head for Kashmir and would
highlight the agonies of Kashmiris in his poetic and literary works,
philosophy and conversation. The historian on Kashmir, Munshi Mohammad
Din Fauq used to consistently briefed Allama Iqbal on Kashmir. That is
why, Iqbal played an active and effective role in setting up
Anjuman-e-Kashmiri Muslimanaan-e-Lahore – a platform Allama had used to
fight for the rights of his Kashmiri Muslim brethren. Under the able
guidance of Allama Iqbal, Munshi Mohammad Din Fauq launched monthly
Kashmiri Gazette in 1900. In 1906 (when All-India Muslim League was
founded), a monthly journal Kashmiri Magazine was taken out. It was
renamed as Akhbar-e-Kashmiri in 1912 was published on weekly basis till
1934. It is pertinent to note that Anjuman-e-Kashmiri
Muslimanaan-e-Lahore was also renamed as All-India Muslim Kashmiri
Conference in 1908 and Allama Iqbal was elected its first secretary
general. Allama Iqbal visited Kashmir for the first time in 1921. In
short, Allama Iqbal supported the Kashmiri Muslims against the
brutalities perpetrated by Maharaja Hari Singh. Other prominent
Muslim figures who had the chance to work with Allama Iqbal day and
night from the platform of All-India Muslim Kashmiri Conference, Lahore
included Khan Bahadur Haji Rahim Bux (1931), Mian Nizamuddin honorary
magistrate, Haji Mir Shamsuddin, Maulana Syed Habib editor, Mian
Amiruddin (lord mayor Lahore), Munshi Mohammad Din Fauq (Kashmiri
historian), Mohammad Rafiq Ahmad bar-at-law, Khawaja Ghulam Mustafa
advocate, Mian Hisammuddin (honorary magistrate), Nawab Habibullah,
Sheikh Sadiq Hassan (he was appointed minister in the Punjab cabinet
after creation of Pakistan), Sheikh Mohammad Sadiq, Khawaja Mohammad
Yousuf, Khan Bahadur Sheikh Din Mohammad (later chief justice and member
boundary commission), Malik Abdur Rafi, Malik Abdul Qayyum bar-at-law
and Col Mirza Qutubuddin while Syed Mohsin Shah was appointed secretary
of the committee. After the Dogra rulers rained bullets on the Muslims
in the compound of Srinagar prison on July 13, 1931 leaving 22 Muslims
martyred, a meeting of All India Kashmir Committee was held at the
residence (Fairview) of Nawab Sir Zulfikar Ali Khan of Maalir Kotla
state in Simla on July 25, 1931. The invitations for the meeting were
issued by Maulana Ilmuddin Salik (later professor Oriental College,
Lahore). The meeting was attended besides Allama Iqbal (later he became
president of the committee), by Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood, Khawaja
Hassan Nizami, Nawab Zulfikar Ali Khan, Nawab Ibrahim Ali Khan, Khan
Bahaur Rahim Bux, Syed Mohsin Shah, Maulana Mohammad Ismail Ghaznavi,
Maulvi Nurul Haq (editor Muslim Outlook) and Maulana Syed Habib etc.
The committee decided to launch a mass movement against the tragedy.
Later, the Punjab-based Majlis-e-Ahrar also joined movement. Maharaja of
Kashmir sought help from the British Government. However, he had to
offer some concessions to the Kashmiri Muslims, including the creation
of a full-fledged legislative assembly for the Kashmir state (1934).
This year, Vice-Chancellor, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Dr
Habibur Rahman and Dean Faculty of Arts Dr Syed Nisar Hamdani, with the
collaboration of the fine arts department of the university, have
organized a programme and an exhibition to pay homage to Allama Iqbal.
The program will focus on the philosophy of Allama Iqbal in the form
of fine arts. Governor of Kashmir Khushi Mohammad Nazer who hailed from
Gujrat, wrote a poem in the perspective of the natural beauty of
Discovery of one's self hood is a great achievement of Allama Iqbal.
To ascertain the secrets of the Nature, one is required to first
discover his own self hood. Iqbal impressed the minds and hearts of the
Muslims. He diagnosed the disease, treated it and even suggested
preventive measures. He had an extensive and in-depth knowledge about
the Nature. He had full command on the modern sciences and full
knowledge of the social life and the history of the Western nations.
He had an in-depth study on Islam. Unfortunately, the selfishness of
the Pakistani Muslims has put the dignity of the country at risk. Had
Allama Iqbal or Quaid-e-Azam a chance to study the current state of
affairs in Pakistan today, they would have got highly worried. Since the
partition of the subcontinent in 1947, India has fast emerged a
political and democratic power in the region while we see the existence
and the survival of our country in danger. We blame world powers for all
our ills, but we never searched our own soul. Scores of people have
written research papers on the poetic works, quotations, speeches,
lectures and biography of Allama Iqbal to get a doctorate's degree.
Thousands of papers on his poetry have been written in Pakistan.
Journals and newspapers – right from Naqoosh to Sayyara - have published
hundreds of special editions on Iqbal during the last 75 years. Those
working on Allama’s poetry have discussed his philosophy.
Every country or nation has a hero. Undoubtedly, Allama Iqbal and
Quaid-e-Azam are our national heroes and benefactors. Those who have
learnt the Persian language (Persian was dropped from our educational
curriculum about 30 years back), fully know that Allama used Urdu and
Persian language as medium of his poetry. The Iranian people equate
Allama Iqbal with their own national poets like Firdausi, Roomi, Attar,
Saadi and Bihar. Iqbal Chair has been established in the many
universities in the world. Allama’s vision cannot be described in
this brief piece.