|Allama Iqbal Khudi|
Iqbal has to struggle with the forces of materialistic thought. He had to bring about a happy marriage between the esoteric and the exotic knowledge to drive
home his point of the purification of the self before a start could be made. By self Iqbal always means the 'conscious self' or Nafas.
"It is the lot of man to share in the deeper aspirations of the universe around him and to shape his own destiny as well as that of the universe, now by adjusting himself to the forces to his own ends and purposes and in the purpose of progressive change God becomes a co-worker with him, provided man takes the initiative : 'verily God will not change the condition of man, till they change what a within themselves' (13:12). If he does not take the initiative, if he does not evolve the inner richness of his being,if he ceases to feed the inward rush of advancing life, then the spirit within him hardens into stone and he is reduced to the level of dead matter."
It is therefore, primarily the resuscitation of the human ego or of his being which Iqbal chose as his target ; for it is by its very control that the real self can unfold its beauties and help to ease the miseries of mankind. Hence potentialities and how it could be built up for the survival of human goodness.He takes his clues from the Holy Quran, and takes up relevant verses to interpret them in the manner of modern knowledge with which the educated Muslim is now well aware.